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Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool

Find out how much time your application will take. Click here [pls link here: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application/check-processing-times.html ] if you want to find out processing time for your application regardless the purpose of your travel (visiting, studying, working in or immigrating) to Canada. 

Recently, IRCC has been using a different way for processing time estimations for various permanent residence applications. However, since July 31, 2018 there were changes brought into the application time estimation algoritms to accommodate various other programs and other factors. 

If you want to know whether you are eligible to apply for Canadian permanent residence, complete a free online assessment [pls link to our Free Questionnaire]. 

Information on Canada Immigration Processing Times

The day when Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) receives an application is considered to be the beginning of the processing time and the day when a final decision is made is the end of the processing time. 

On the whole, any application processing time is affected by the following factors:

  • the type of application;

  • completeness of the application;

  • the speed IRCC expects to process applications in the system;

  • the speed of applicants’ information verification;

  • the speed of applicants’ responces to any requests or concerns; and

  • other factors. 

Generated times are still unofficial as this BETA version of the Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool is still undergoing improvements and updates. 

Canada Immigration Processing times FAQ

  1. Why were processing time estimations changed by IRCC?

In July 2018, IRCC, decided to take into account the number of applications which were the number of applications then to calculate processing time estimations, but not the processing time data from the past. 

The following immigration categories have experienced the changes to the processing times estimation system:

  • Sponsoring of a parent or grandparent

  • Economic immigration

    • Provincial Nominees (excluding Express Entry)

    • Skilled Workers (Quebec)

    • Start-up visa

  • Humanitarian and compassionate cases

  1. How much time does it take to process an application under Express Entry?

The time set for processing complete Express Entry applications by IRCC is up to 6 months.

  1. How much time does it take to obtain a  visitor visa (Temporary Resident Visa, or TRV) to Canada?

In case you are applying for a visitor visa from inside Canada, the processing time will be affected by the way you submit your application, which can be done either eletronically (online) or by mail (paper-based).

In case you are applying for a visitor visa from outside Canada, the processing time will be based on the country from where your application is to be submitted. Please check country-specific requirements [pls link here: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/application/check-processing-times.html ]. 

  1. How much time does it take to obtain a Canadian study visa/permit?

The processing time for receiving a Canadian Study Permit [pls link to file “DONE Studying in Canada_VH”] will depend on the country where the applicant resides. Generally, it takes between 2 and 20 weeks to get a study permit which is also affected by the number of applications received by IRCC and which office is in charge of processing the permit requests.

  1. What is the processing time for a Canadian work visa/permit application?

The duration of the processing time for a temporary work permit [pls link to file “Immigration for Foreign Workers_VH”] depends on whether the application is submitted from inside or outside Canada. 

  1. Does it take as much time to receive a a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) as it does for a temporary work permit?

Only international students who have graduated from an eligible Designated Learning Institution (DLI) [pls link to: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada/study-permit/prepare/designated-learning-institutions-list.html ] in Canada are able to get a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), which enables these graduates to work in Canada for up 3 years.

The duration of the processing time for a PGWP depends on whether the application is submitted online or it is paper-based. 

  1. Are the processing times for all the Family Sponsorship applications the same?  

No. It depends on what family member is sponsored for Family Sponsorship applications and their country of residence. 

If Canadian citizens or permanent residents are at the age of majority (18 years old), they can sponsor certain family members [pls link to file “DONE_Sponsorship program -General_VH”] to immigrate to Canada.


  1. What is the processing time for a Canadian citizenship applicarion?

According to the most recent information from IRCC, the processing time for receiving a Canadian citizenship is, on the average, twelve months. 

If you want to apply for Canadian Citizenship by naturalization, you must meet certain eligibility requirements, which include Permanent Resident status in Canada.

Those applicants for Canadian citizenship aged between 18 and 54 must undergo the procedure of naturalization which includes passing Canadian citizenship test and demonstrating proficiency in at least one of Canada’s official languages, English or French.

  1. Why are the processing times of some applications different while for others are the same?

Processing times are affected by the number of applications for each program. They do not change if the number of applications for a given program is constant. Though, if the number of applications varies within the year, the processing time will also be different according to those changes.


  1. How frequently are the processing times updated?

Processing times based on historical data will reflect the duration of the past application process and they are updated regularly.

Processing time system which is quite new and applied for permanent resident programs is updated about once a month.

Processing times set for the following programs depend on appliance of specific commitments:

  1. Why does it take so long to proceed an application? 

Processing times of certain applications are affected by some screening requirements, such as medical and criminal.

Mostly, the applications of temporary foreign workers are first reviewed as they are include job offers and their target is to fill certain gaps of the labour market. 

Another type of applications which is given certain priority is from sponsored spouses, since Canada is a pro-family country and IRCC tries to reunite them. 

One more type of applications which are considered sooner than others is from people in need of protection, as it concerns people’s safety which can be provided by Canada. 

  1. Will the request to submit my biometrics make my application take more time?

First of all, processing times depend on the type of application. Some of them include the time necessary to give biometrics; however, others do not, and, consequently it’ll take longer.

Check this page for the details of dedicated [pls link to: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/campaigns/biometrics/where-to-give-biometrics.html ] biometrics. 

Thus, submission of biometrics information will influence over the time IRCC starts to proceed the application process. 

If an applicant has received a Biometric Instruction Letter, he or she has up to thirty days to submit the biometrics, which must be done at either a service point or Visa Application Centre [pls link to: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/contact-ircc/offices/find-visa-application-centre.html ]

However, the applications for permanent residency mostly include the time required for submitting biometrics.

  1. How long does it take to process a passport?

It will depend on the place and manner the person applies for a passport as well as the urgency of this request. The times it takes to process a passport application which is submitted in Canada are the following: 

  • 10 business days (when applications are submitted personally at a passport office)

  • 20 business days (when applications are submitted personally at a Service Canada service point)

  • 20 business days (when applications are submitted by mail)

If the application for a passport is urgent and submitted at a passport office, it can be processed by the end of the following business day or takes maximum 9 business days. 

In case you currently reside in the United States, you can apply for a passport by mail and it takes up to 20 business days for your application to be processed.

All the applications for a passport submitted from outside Canada of the United Stated may take 20 business days. They may be submitted at the closest Canadian government office abroad like an embassy or consulate or in person by travelling to the closest passport office or Service Canada point in Canada.